Additional soil sounding devices are needed to calculate the level of carbon sequestration. The main thing is that various analysis and forecast models are concurrently used in different countries. Some of them are recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), but the work to unify approaches has just begun.
The critical vulnerability of most existing sequestration accounting systems is their high measurement error. Definitely, they are improving. Researchers at the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology have already brought this figure to a level of ε ≈ 0,06%.
The IT market giants have started actively investing in CO2 sequestration monitoring systems, creating solutions based on artificial intelligence for this purpose. Microsoft has launched its Al for Earth program, which, inter alia, calls for equipping farms with special soil monitoring sensors.
Google, for its part, is promoting the Climate TRACE project. This system will allow real-time tracking the map of greenhouse gases, using satellites and remote sensing systems, and checking the emission and sequestration reports of your partners.
Furthermore, the solutions put forth by said IT giants are universal and allow not only forecasting changes in the atmosphere, but also increasing crop yields.